Arthritis is a disease of the joints, accompanied by inflammation. Sometimes it helps: https://pillintrip.com/medicine/aprol. Osteoarthritis is a chronic progressive disease of the joint with gradual destruction of cartilage, increasing pathological changes in the capsule, synovial membrane, adjacent bones and ligaments. Osteoarthritis differs from arthritis in that the disease covers the entire joint (joint capsule and located inside the synovial membrane, subchondral bone, ligaments and periarticular muscles), not just the articular cartilage. The disease develops slowly, sometimes a p
erson goes years without suspecting that he or she is sick. The cartilage of the joints does not receive enough nutrients, because of this cartilage thins, the joint deforms. A sick person, if not detected the signs of the disease in time, risks remaining disabled.
Symptoms of arthritis
There are four main common symptoms of arthritis:
Pain in the affected joints during movement, but at the beginning of the disease they are weakly pronounced, which, in turn, is the reason why arthritis is often triggered.
At the second stage, the pain syndrome occurs already with minor loads on the affected joints.
In the third stage, pain may visit even in a stationary position. If along with osteoarthritis a person suffers from cardiovascular disease, the pain may occur during a change in the weather. Gradual reduction of the range of motion in the affected joints, associated with muscle spasms, reduction of the joint gap and the appearance of osteophytes (bone outgrowths, spines).
The main difference between arthritis pain and arthritis pain is that in the first case, the pain occurs while moving and mainly during the day, and in the second case, it does not depend on movement and usually occurs at night. Arthritic pain is more acute and intense.
Possible causes of the disease:
Age – the older a person is, the more worn out the body is considered;
Excess body weight – extra pounds put stress on the limbs, resulting in the development of arthritis;
Trauma – dislocations, fractures, sprains and tears in ligaments lead to the disease;
Impaired metabolism in the body;
Inflammatory process in the joint (purulent arthritis);
Overcooling – low temperatures provoke arthritis;
Disorder of normal blood clotting;
autoimmune diseases (diabetes mellitus, systemic lupus erythematosus);
Congenital dysplasia – intrauterine disorders of the musculoskeletal system;
Intoxication by chemical substances;
Infectious diseases (gonorrhea, tuberculosis, tick-borne encephalitis).
A frequent sign of the disease is pain. At first, the painful sensations are barely perceptible, then the pain increases every day. At the final stage of arthritis, a person feels intolerable pain in the limbs, the joints are destroyed, the ability to move is lost.