Herpes is a common sexually transmitted disease that any person who is sexually active can get. Most people with the virus have no symptoms. Even without signs of the disease, herpes can still spread to sexual partners.
How to prevent secondary bacterial infection?
In case of heavy rashes, there is sometimes a risk of getting into the ulcers of secondary bacterial infection. To prevent this, you should treat the skin in the places of rashes with any antiseptic solution: green, chlorhexidine, miramistyn, etc.
Why is it important to strengthen your immunity?
Strengthening the immunity is the second way to get rid of herpes. It is appropriate in the period when there are no acute manifestations (bubbles) and will help reduce the number of exacerbations of chronic herpes, but not eliminate the virus completely.
Children have herpes
Herpes in infants necessarily requires a call to a pediatrician, because only a doctor knows how to treat herpes in each case. For a young child, this is quite a serious disease. A child can catch it from his parents. Therefore, if you have an exacerbation of herpes and there is a rash on your lips, do everything possible to avoid infecting your baby (see prevention of herpes). Genital herpes can be transmitted to the child from its mother during childbirth, if at that time it has rashes on the genitals.
Simple herpes can cause not only facial rashes in children, but also stomatitis (up to 80% of all stomatitis in children are caused by this virus), angina, pneumonia and meningitis. All these are dangerous for the baby diseases. In addition to the first and second types of virus, children may be affected by the third type (chickenpox) and the sixth type (child roseole).
Genital herpes in pregnancy
If primary infection with genital herpes occurs during pregnancy, the risk of harmful effects on the fetus is quite high. In many cases, the child may miscarry or develop malformations, because the mother does not yet have antiherpes antibodies in her body, the virus penetrates through the placenta to the fetus and damages it.
If infection occurs earlier, before pregnancy, the antibodies produced by the mother’s body prevent the herpes virus from actively reproducing itself, protecting the fetus. In this case, the danger is only childbirth in the presence of herpetic rashes on the genitals.
Herpes prevention should be aimed at not infecting other people (mainly children, since most adults are already infected). If you have a rash on your lips – wear a gauze bandage, do not kiss a child, do not touch the ulcers and wash your hands as often as possible. Do not use common dishes for a sick and healthy person.
Genital herpes is transmitted during sexual intercourse, usually if the patient has a rash. But it should be remembered that some people emit the virus even in the absence of rashes, so the risk of infection is not completely excluded. Condoms are quite effective to prevent the infection of herpes in this case, you can also use candles with benzalconium chloride and miramisin. However, the most reliable way is to have one sexual partner.