What do you need to know about herpes

Herpes on the lips

Herpes on the lips and face is caused mainly by the first type of virus (VPG-1) and sometimes by the second type, transmitted through droplets of saliva at close contact. Signs of herpes usually manifest as fine bubble rashes filled with turbid fluid. They are itchy and painful, touching them is very painful.

Genital herpes (genital)

What do you need to know about herpes

The reason for genital herpes in most cases is the herpes virus of the second type, which causes rashes on the genitals of men and women. It is transmitted from a sick person to a healthy one during protected sexual intercourse. The symptoms of sexual herpes are almost identical to those on the lips, except for the location of the bubbles.
The first and second types of viruses are combined under the common name ‘herpes simplex virus’ because they can cross strike each other’s characteristic areas: face and genitals, if accidentally hitting the appropriate places.
Besides the lips, herpes simplex can spread further and cause inflammation of the oral mucous membrane – stomatitis, which is very common in children. Herpetic stomatitis may go into herpetic angina. In newborns, the virus can cause damage to the eyes and even the brain (herpetic meningitis).

Herpes on the body (shingles)

Called the third type virus, the same as chickenpox in children. Chickenpox is the primary reaction to the virus penetration. After an acute stage of herpes, the disease turns into chronic herpes, with the virus lurking in nerve cells for several decades, after which, for reasons unknown so far, herpes is activated and causes shingles in some people. Signs of herpes zoster are rashes on the chest, on the one hand, along the rib, in rare cases around the neck. They are accompanied by severe pain, which in some cases remains for a long time (herpetic neuralgia). Less often, the virus affects the ocular nerves, and then the signs of herpes rashes appear in the eye area. This is one of the most serious forms of disease.
Other types of herpes viruses may cause lymphoma (type 4), infectious mononucleosis (type 5), pediatric roséola (type 6), sarcoma Kaposi (type 8). Type 7 herpes virus is associated with chronic fatigue syndrome.

Treatment of herpes

What do you need to know about herpes

It is currently impossible to cure the whole body completely from the herpes virus because most of the time it is inactive in the cell nucleus. But unpleasant symptoms of herpes can and should be treated. Medicines can reduce the duration and frequency of chronic herpes. They can also help reduce the risk of transmitting type 2 herpes to susceptible partners.

How can you treat the symptoms of herpes?

How can you treat the symptoms of herpes? There are only a few herpes medications that have proven to be effective. The main ones are acyclovir, valacyclovir (which turns into acyclovir in the body) and famcyclovir. The acyclovir molecule is embedded in the DNA of the virus and “cheats” it, disrupting the reproduction process. Treatment of herpes with acyclovir is relatively safe for humans by treating herpes with short courses. It can be used even in newborns. Famcyclovir is slightly stronger, but much more expensive and can only be used internally.

How to treat herpes on the face and genitals?

In order to cure herpes on the face or genitals, in most cases, it is enough to use an ointment with acyclovir or its analogs. If you do it in time, even before the appearance of large bubbles, you can cope with the disease at home.

How to treat severe rashes?

If rashes are very strong, spread over a large area, accompanied by fever – it is better to call a doctor. After examining you, he will tell you what to treat herpes, for example, will prescribe taking acyclovir in pills. In some particularly severe cases (eg, herpetic meningitis) acyclovir can be used to treat herpes intravenously. However, remember that a long oral intake of these drugs (more than 10 days) can have a negative effect on the liver and should be carried out only under the control of a doctor.