What happens to the child if the mother drinks alcohol

Alcohol and pregnancy and inotyol ointment are incompatible – doctors never tire of talking about this to expectant mothers. But pregnant women sometimes allow themselves to have a glass of wine, thinking that nothing bad will come from such an amount. However, alcohol can disrupt fetal development at any stage of pregnancy, even at the earliest.

Research shows that excessive (four or more drinks at a time) and / or regular alcohol consumption by an expectant mother puts the fetus at greatest risk of serious problems. But even less alcohol can be harmful, since there is no safe dose.
Alcohol easily passes from the mother’s bloodstream into the baby’s blood, which can affect the development of the brain and other vital organs, structures and physiological systems of the baby’s body, which will lead to malformations that can begin in early childhood and last a lifetime. The most profound consequences of prenatal alcohol exposure are brain damage and associated behavioral and cognitive impairment.
Scientists define a wide range of effects and symptoms caused by intrauterine alcohol exposure, termed fetal alcohol spectrum disorders. These include conditions such as intrauterine alcohol syndrome, alcohol-related nervous system disorder, and alcohol-related birth defects. All these cases have one common feature – damage to the central nervous system (CNS) as a result of prenatal exposure to alcohol on the fetus.
The effects of alcohol on the CNS can be structural (eg, decreased brain size, changes in certain areas of the brain) or functional (eg, cognitive and behavioral deficits, motor and coordination problems). Extensive studies using modern imaging techniques (MRI, CT, etc.) have revealed differences in brain structure and activity that are consistent with neuropsychological testing data, including impairment in processing information from the senses, changes in cognition and behavior in adults with the disorder. the alcohol spectrum of the fetus compared with healthy people.
The most profound consequences of prenatal alcohol exposure are brain damage and related impairments in behavioral and cognitive functioning.
How do disorders differ?

Fetal alcohol syndrome was the first form of alcohol spectrum disorder and is still the most well-known syndrome. It manifests itself with excessive alcohol consumption by the expectant mother during the first trimester of pregnancy. Exposure to harmful substances on the fetus can disrupt the normal development of not only the brain, but also the face. Thus, in addition to the developmental abnormalities of the central nervous system, the child will have a specific pattern of three facial abnormalities: narrow eye openings, a smooth area between the lip and nose (compared to a normal ridge), and a thin upper lip. Also, the baby may have a growth deficit in utero and (or) after birth.
Partial Fetal Alcohol Syndrome includes only a few of the characteristics listed above.
Alcohol-related nervous system disorder is characterized by CNS disorders that can be structural or functional. Functional impairments include a complex pattern of cognitive (mental) or behavioral problems that do not correspond to a standard developmental level at any given child’s age. Moreover, the reasons for this discrepancy cannot be explained by factors other than prenatal exposure to alcohol. Facial abnormalities and growth retardation should not be present.
Alcohol-related birth defects include heart, kidney, bone and other malformations; difficulty seeing and hearing; decreased function of the immune system. They are rarely considered in isolation; rather, they are a secondary disorder that accompanies other fetal alcohol spectrum disorders.
What does the future hold for the baby?

Every person whose mom may have been drinking alcohol during pregnancy experiences a combination of daily troubles that include medical, behavioral, educational, or social problems in the following areas:
learning and memorization;
understanding and following directions;
ability to hold attention;
the ability to control emotions;
communication and socialization;
performing daily life skills (eg eating, bathing, counting money, taking care of personal safety).

People with fetal alcohol spectrum disorder are more likely than others to make bad decisions, repeat the same mistakes, trust the wrong people, and have difficulty understanding the consequences of their actions. They are also more prone to disorders such as attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, depression, impulse control problems, alcoholism and drug addiction.
People with fetal alcohol spectrum disorder are more likely than others to make bad decisions, repeat the same mistakes, trust the wrong people, and have difficulty understanding the consequences of their actions.
Risk factors

Of course, it is impossible to argue that just one sip of champagne during pregnancy can provoke many fetal anomalies and affect the psyche of the unborn child. But the medical community recommends that you completely avoid drinking any alcohol during pregnancy.
There are risk factors that contribute to the development of undesirable consequences:
the amount of alcohol that a pregnant woman drinks at a time;
the frequency of alcohol consumption by a pregnant woman;
the stage of pregnancy at which a woman drinks alcohol, and how much she drinks during the formation of a particular body system in the fetus.

Prenatal exposure to alcohol in children can be exacerbated if their mothers are malnourished, overweight or underweight, smoke …
In addition, research shows that prenatal alcohol exposure is more likely to affect children when their mothers live in adverse conditions and experience high levels of stress. These may include, for example, social isolation, living in a community where excessive drinking is common and acceptable, and living in a community where resources for antenatal care are limited.
Prenatal exposure to alcohol in children can be exacerbated if their mothers are malnourished, overweight or underweight, smoke …
How can I help my child?

First aid for the child is the refusal of the expectant mother from alcohol. But if during pregnancy a woman allowed herself to drink alcohol and the child has symptoms of fetal alcohol spectrum disorder, a special tactic of education and training should be applied. For example, it is desirable for a school to use specialized teaching strategies that provide a consistent routine and allow children to continuously practice learning skills. This will allow students to learn better, memorize lessons faster, and keep up with class.
First aid for the child is the refusal of the expectant mother from alcohol.
Other avenues of assistance include family support groups and classes to help parents take better care of their baby, use of prenatal and postpartum nutritional supplements for their children, and psychological intervention for children that includes training in social skills, problem solving, and personal safety.
Of course, all these measures can be taken by specialists. You should not take dietary supplements and medications unless prescribed by your doctor.
A child whose mother drank alcohol during pregnancy can develop both physiological and mental disorders, which will affect his life. A woman’s refusal to drink alcohol will help her child grow up healthy and happy.